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History of North Korea and the United States and North Korea Hate America

The Korean War still left trauma in the minds of most North Korean people and governments. During the bloody war, in just three years, millions of lives were taken, and the Korean Peninsula was never the same. The trauma is still strong enough to make North Korea still hate the United States. But, how bad? The following is a brief history of the Korean War and the effects of the Korean War that are still felt today.

Commemoration of the end of the Korean War occurred on Thursday (7/27), exactly 64 years ago. However, the legacy of the damage caused by the war still continues to this day.

In just three years, the war claimed millions of lives and changed the Korean Peninsula forever.

"We went there, fought, and finally burned all the cities in North Korea, somehow, and some in South Korea," former US Air Force Commander General Curtis LeMay in 1988, in an interview for the historical edition of the Air Force.

The Korean War still left trauma in the minds of most North Korean people and governments. During the bloody war, in just three years, millions of lives were taken, and the Korean Peninsula was never the same. The trauma is still strong enough to make North Korea still hate the United States. But, how bad? The following is a brief history of the Korean War and the effects of the Korean War that are still felt today.

Commemoration of the end of the Korean War occurred on Thursday (7/27), exactly 64 years ago. However, the legacy of the damage caused by the war still continues to this day.

In just three years, the war claimed millions of lives and changed the Korean Peninsula forever.

"We went there, fought, and finally burned all the cities in North Korea, somehow, and some in South Korea," former US Air Force Commander General Curtis LeMay in 1988, in an interview for the historical edition of the Air Force.
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By the time the ceasefire was signed on July 27, 1953, North Korea - which began a war with a population of 9.6 million - had lost around 1.3 million civilian and military casualties, according to figures quoted by the United States Air Force (US) .

South Korea, meanwhile, lost up to three million civilian casualties and 225 thousand troops, out of a population of around 20.2 million in 1950.

General Douglas MacArthur, a legendary figure in the US military who would later become the supreme commander of the United Nations Command (UN) at the start of the war, said in a congressional hearing in 1951 that he had never seen such destruction.

"I shudder with horror because I cannot express it in words - at this constant massacre of people in Korea," MacArthur said. "I have seen so much blood and calamity, and it only keeps my stomach trapped, the last time I was there."

The Korean War is a war against America which is an unwanted event for many people, given that the war occurred only five years after the end of World War II.

More than 33 thousand Americans were killed in the fighting and 600 thousand from the Chinese military - who joined forces to protect their neighboring communist countries - abandoned or disappeared.

Chinese and American troops returned home after the battle, but North Koreans lived in the midst of the rubble of battle — their entire infrastructure destroyed, their cities completely obliterated.

Although the date of the ceasefire holds several important meanings in the United States - the US will impose a ban on Americans who will travel to North Korea this Thursday - the legacy of destruction remains an important part of propaganda for Kim Il Sung, his son Kim Jong Il and his grandson Kim Jong Un, who is now in control of North Korea.

General Douglas MacArthur, the center, head of the U.N Command in the Korean War, and other military personnel observed gunfire at Incheon from USS Mount McKinley in September 1950.

Early American Sins in the Korean War


For North Koreans, destruction comes from above. This conflict was seen as the first large-scale air campaign carried out by the US Air Force.

American aircraft dropped about 635 thousand tons of explosives in North Korea (larger than three years of bombs in the entire Pacific area during World War II), including 32 thousand tons of napalm, according to historian Charles Armstrong.

The continuing anxiety over the deadly US military airstrikes helped the North Korean government to portray Americans as caricatures from afar, faceless enemies who flattened their countries and could at any time do so again.

"The bombing was considered an early American sin in North Korean propaganda and certainly very barbaric," said Robert E. Kelly, a professor of political science at Pusan ​​National University in South Korea. "This is a political tool to justify a state emergency permanently. Japanese colonization also uses the same thing. "

General Curtis LeMay in September 1965
General Curtis LeMay in September 1965

Sea of ​​Blood of the Korean War

Most historians claim that the war began when the oldest Kim invaded the southern region, but North Korea indoctrinated its citizens that the United States started the war — and only the Kim family could protect them.

The North Korean state is trying to cause a deep hatred of the United States. Kindergarten draws an anti-American struggle. News in the media features videos from the burning US military. The 25th anniversary of the start of the Korean War is "a day of struggle against US imperialism."

An anti-US propaganda poster was put up in kindergarten in 2012 in Pyongyang, North Korea. The Korean character says "we love playing the military, dropping those American bastards"
An anti-US propaganda poster was put up in kindergarten in 2012 in Pyongyang, North Korea. The Korean character says "we love playing the military, dropping those American bastards"
The person who led them through the war, Kim Il Sung, was worshiped as a god in North Korea and was praised with many achievements: mainly for finding ideology as their guide, juche — which means independence — and freeing the Korean Peninsula from Japanese Occupation

Poetry and art are also associated with him - and voiced by North Koreans.

An example is the drama game, "Sea of ​​Blood" which is considered the most important cultural work in the country. This drama tells the story of a poor farmer who joined the war against the Japanese occupation. He was killed, but his wife, who joined the communist resistance, continued to help defeat the Japanese.

The play of the drama - which is quite loud and carries a strong ethnocentric tone, according to North Korean analysts - depicts Juche, because of his brave, independent and patriotic protagonist.

Tens of thousands of men and women raised their fists in the air and shouted "Opposite!" While carrying boards containing anti-American propaganda slogans at Kim Il Sung Square on Sunday (25/6) in Pyongyang, North Korea — warning one year the start of the Korean War. In North Korea, that day is called the "day of struggle against US imperialism
Tens of thousands of men and women raised their fists in the air and shouted "Opposite!" While carrying boards containing anti-American propaganda slogans at Kim Il Sung Square on Sunday (25/6) in Pyongyang, North Korea — warning one year the start of the Korean War. In North Korea, that day is called the "day of struggle against US imperialism
The juche ideology has been implanted in the soul of North Korea since Kim first introduced it in the 1950s. Propaganda work such as the "Sea of ​​Blood" - and the fact that it is almost impossible for people inside the country to get information from the outside world - helps strengthen the mentality of underachievers, which is at the core of Juche's ideas.

The Korean War is a Nuclear Weapon War


The mentality to survive extends to the government too. The country's constitution states that "national defense is the highest duty and honor of citizens," and the country is governed by "songun" - or military-first policy, which places the armed forces above all else.

 

When talking about North Korea's nuclear and missile programs, the Kim regime saw leaders like Moammar Gadhafi Libya — who gave up building nuclear weapons to ensure security and for the release of sanctions, but were eventually overthrown and killed — and believed that the weapons were the key to a regime to survive life.

So the country is spending most of its budget on the defense sector, and tells its people that spending is very important to prevent the US invasion.

With a successful intercontinental ballistic missile test carried out earlier this month, they are getting closer to their goal.

"Now the capability of the DPRK (the Democratic Republic of Korea, North Korea's official name) to attack the US center whenever it is physically proven, the US will find it difficult to attack the DPRK," the North Korean Foreign Ministry said in a statement immediately after the missile launch.

"This is the only way to defend yourself and protect the dignity of the nation in a world that is currently full of hostility and the enactment of the law of the jungle."

A Short History of the Korean War


World War II divides Korea into a northern state that adheres to Communism, and the southern part which is occupied by America, is divided in parallel 38.

Parallel 38 is a circle of latitude at 38 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane. The parallel crosses Europe, the Mediterranean Sea, Asia, the Pacific Ocean, North America and the Atlantic Ocean. Parallel 38 north formed the border between North and South Korea before the Korean War.
Parallel 38 north formed the border between North and South Korea before the Korean War.
The Korean War (1950-1953) began when the North Korean Communist army crossed Parallel 38 and invaded non-Communist South Korea. When North Korean soldier Kim Il-sung, armed with Soviet tanks, quickly invaded South Korea, the United States came to the aid of South Korea.

General Douglas MacArthur, who had overseen Japan's post-World War II occupation, ordered US troops which at that time began to drive out North Korean forces in Pusan, at the southernmost tip of Korea.

Although Korea is strategically not essential to the United States, the political environment at this stage of the Cold War is quite important, so that policy makers do not want to be seen as being "soft on Communism."

Nominally, the US intervenes as part of "informal military actions" carried out by the United Nations (UN) international peacekeeping force; in reality, the UN was only manipulated by US and NATO anti-communist interests.

With US, UN and South Korean (ROK) troops pinned to the sea in Pusan, MacArthur arranged a bold amphibious attack on Inchon, a port on Korea's west coast. After making this landing, MacArthur crushed the North Korean army and retook Seoul, the capital of South Korea.

Instead of being satisfied with South Korea's rapid recapture, MacArthur crossed Parallel 38 and chased North Korean troops into the northernmost province of North Korea. Fearing that the US was interested in taking North Korea as a base for operations against Manchuria, the People's Republic of China (China) secretly sent troops across the Yalu River.

The Chinese army at that time attacked US / UN / ROK forces. Only after the appointment of Lieutenant General Matthew Ridgway as commander of ground forces, American morale improved and there began to be initiatives to move against the Chinese Communists.

Although President Truman hopes to end the war quickly and presses MacArthur to be wiser, the brilliant strategist defies the president's orders and continues to speak provocative words about his hopes of reuniting Korea.

After getting support from the Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS), Truman took MacArthur down from the command. The move was very unpopular in America, because MacArthur was considered a popular war hero. Only JCS support saved Truman from impeachment after the shooting.

Ridgway took command of MacArthur and held back Communist forces with strong strongholds and strongholds north of Parallel 38, occasionally launching attacks on the Iron Triangle, where the Communists gathered strength to launch attacks on South Korea.

Peace negotiations continued in Kaesong, then moved and faltered until it reached Panmunjom until 1951 and 1952. The US tried to use strategic bombing missions to intimidate Communist forces in negotiating a peace agreement, but they refused to budge, especially on the issue of POW (Repatriation of Prisoners War).

General Douglas Macarthur on Jeep. Macarthur was appointed as the commander of the UN force at the outbreak of the Korean War. However, he publicly showed his disapproval of US policy, and in April 1951, President Truman removed him from command, which sparked a storm of controversy.
No one wants to look weak, and the conversation continues, sometimes stalling for months. Only after Eisenhower - who was a war hero and was not afraid of Republican critics (because he himself was a Republican) - became President, the US could make large concessions to the Communists.

In 1953 a peace agreement was signed at Panmunjom which ended the Korean War, returning Korea to divided status, which was basically the same as before the war. Neither the Korean War nor its results did much to reduce the tension of the Cold War in that era.

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